Adkiya- popular work of Zainudden Makdoom(R) in Tasawwuf-2

by Abdul Shaheed Azhary

Line No. 3

تَقْوَى الإلهِ مَدَارُ كُلِّ سَعَادَةٍ   وَتِبَاعُ أَهْوَى رَأْسُ شَرِّ حَبَائِلاَ

Piety or righteousness (تقوى) is the basis and foundation of all happiness. Following the self passion is basic cause of all evil traps

Piety (taqwa) is the backbone of all good deeds. Being this book Adhkiya dedicated for one who wants to be waliyy  (true believer with high rank), the author Sheikh Zainuddeen (R) categorically begins with taqwa, the highest character of a Muslim.

What is taqwa or piety? Many definitions are given to taqwa. The popular one is as follows:

امتثال أوامر الله واجتناب نواهيه ظاهرا وباطنا مع استشعار التعظيم لله والهيبة والخشية والرهبة من الله تعالى (كفاية الأتقياء ومنهاج الأصفياء صفحة 7)

To obey the orders of Allah and avoid his prohibitions both inward and outward with honour (to Allah) and fear (from Allah).

Second Khaleefa Umar (R.A) once asked Ubayy bin Ka-ab (R.A) : what is taqwa?

Ubayy: did you ever pass by a way which has thorn?

Umar: Yes

Ubayy: what did you do then?

Umar: I tried my best to care myself; I put my one leg forward and another backward, fearing any thorn will hit my leg.

Ubayy: That is taqwa!

Followings are some of the understandings from this answer:

  1. One has to strive hard to maintain taqwa
  2. Prohibitions are like thorns.
  3. To keep up taqwa is difficult, but it can be overcome!

Quran says that way to be waliyy of Allah is to maintain taqwa. All awlia( plural of waliyy) are pious and righteous people.

إنْ أَوْلِيَاؤُهُ إِلَّا الْمُتَّقُونَ وَلَـٰكِنَّ أَكْثَرَهُمْ لَا يَعْلَمُونَ (الأنفال 34)

Its [true] guardians are not but the righteous, but most of them do not know (Anfal 34)

Taqwa always contradict whims and self passions. Only by controlling self whims one can win satisfaction of Allah and maintain taqwa. Sheikh compared the man following the whim with being fish trapped. Usually prey get attracted to trap easily, as such a person get attracted to the passion easily, there is no way out if one trapped!

Prophet (S.A) says:

إن أخوف ما أخاف على أمتي اتباع الهوى وطول الأمل – الرسالة القشيرية

‘The most feared thing that I fear on my people is the following self whim and lengthy hope.’

Because whims prevents from doing good deeds and lengthy hope make man forget the life after death.

(continued…stay tuned)

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